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Autor: UNOi

Fecha: 24 de septiembre de 2015

Survival vocabulary

by Elaine Gallagher              Sometimes we wonder what our students need to know, asking ourselves, as I frequently advise you, “Of all the things that COULD be taught, what MUST be taught?”            In English, survival is important….   oral survival ….What can your students say, spontaneously?    How […]

Elaine Gallagher 09 cegby Elaine Gallagher

             Sometimes we wonder what our students need to know, asking ourselves, as I frequently advise you, “Of all the things that COULD be taught, what MUST be taught?”   

        In English, survival is important….   oral survival ….What can your students say, spontaneously?    How can they handle themselves when they need to speak?  Listening and repeating is crucial….Oral production comes after recognition….so you’ll have to make sure that your students RECOGNIZE these words and phrases, and know how and when and why to use them.

With more and more listening and repeating, in casual, non-pressured atmosphere, your students will begin to speak spontaneously.

HOW SOON?  Obviously, the more time they have English class, and the more they listen the sooner they will recognize, and later speak spontaneously. Usually, in a school with ½ day of English, about 15 hours a week of English, students will get to A-1 level of the European Framework of Reference for Languages at the end of 2nd grade of primary. Adults, of course, usually get to A-1 sooner.

If you’re not sure of the six levels of the CEFR, look in the BE Teacher Guide where the scale is explained.

Now. Let’s look at “SURVIVAL ENGLISH”. When it mentions “Words to Know”…this means that the student can first repeat it, then recognize it from a picture, a flashcard, or the real object, and finally, the student can spontaneously use the word in a sentence or in oral conversation.

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 SURVIVAL ENGLISH!

Each section gets gradually harder. Don’t move on until the kids are ready and comfortable. This is not a race.

  1. VOCABULARY: A-1 when mastered

Students should be able to discuss and answer questions

such as:

  • What’s your name?
  • How many children are there? (1-20)
  • this is / these are
  • What’s this? It’s ……..
  • The body
  • Faces
  • What color is it?
  • My clothes

 

  • WORDS TO KNOW: bicycle(s), bird(s), boys, cats, children, dogs, flags, girls, trees, basketball, football, rugby, volleyball, team
  • MORE: bedroom, bathroom, dining room, kitchen, living room, bed, books, cards, computer, cupboard, rabbit, shelf, table

 

  • MORE: arms, feet, fingers, hands, head, legs, tall, short, fat, thin, big, small, long. ears, eyes, hair, mouth, nose, dark, fair

 

  • MORE: blue, brown, green, orange, pink, purple, red, yellow, black, white, box, crayons, paper, pen, ruler, scissors

 

 

  • MORE: belt, blouse, dress, hat, jacket, shirt, skirt, socks, suit, tie, trousers, T-shirt

 

  • What do you see in this picture? Student should be able to describe the picture, using some of the above-listed words.

 

 

 

  1. VOCABULARY:             A-1 when mastered

 

  • all colors covered in first list plus: grey; pets, bird, cage, rabbit, fish, beak, behind, in, on, under, tank, wall, flowers

 

  • Pets

 

  • Do you have a computer?

 

  • WORDS: camera, comics, computer, pictures, rings, toys, video game, violin, behind, between, in, on , next to, in front of, under

 

  • Days of the week

 

  • WORDS / PHRASES: in the morning / afternoon, the weekend, go swimming, play tennis, visit grandparents, have a music lesson, paints, cleans, watches, does, goes, visits, plays, cooks

 

  • Where do you live?
  • WORDS: a flat, an apartment, cottage, house, city, town, village, garden, upstairs, downstairs, on the ground floor

 

  • FAMILY: pretty, sister, brother, mother, father, twin sister / brother, grandmother, grandfather

 

  • What time do you get up?

 

  • WORDS / PHRASES: get up, go to bed, have lunch, do homework, watch TV, go to school, have breakfast, o’clock, half past, quarter past / to, in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening.

 

  • FRIENDS: bike,  film, pizza, cinema, restaurant, swimming pool, tennis club, She plays hockey.

 

  • MONTHS OF THE YEAR: all 12 months, Christmas, birthday, Easter, Mother’s Day,

 

  • Ordinal numbers for dates:

1st – 31st

 

 

 

3 . VOCABULARY_____A-2 when mastered

 

What’s the weather like?  

warm, sunny, cloudy, absolutely, rainy

          What do you study?

art, biology, chemistry, multiplication

 

Free time:

music, homework, go out, play video games

 

Tell me about your town or city.

I live in……    historic city, crowded, quiet

 

What are they doing?

He’s …..brushing his teeth.

shopping, working,

watching TV. washing up, reading, eating

 

Best friends

short, blonde, friendly, straight, wear, strong

 

Work

What does your father do? He’s a lawyer.

 

Where’s your classroom?

It’s down the hall. go along, turn left / right

 

 

  1. VOCABULARY___    A-2 when mastered

 

         Family matters:

using the future wit “going to”, describing people, possessives

 

Play time:

frequency, time expressions, every day, six o’clock

 

School’s out:

holidays, present / future, when, where, why, who

 

Sports:

likes and dislikes, present continuous, questions

 

Memorable meals:

food, cooking, talking about a meal

 

Future with going to

 

Nice work :

jobs, work,  quickly, well, occupations

 

Shop around:

describing ways of shopping, sequencing: first, next, after, finally

 

In class:

talking about the past, comparison / superlative

the best, the most difficult, easiest

 

 

 

  1. VOCABULARY__________B-1 when mastered

            Friends

frequency, giving reasons, recently, a few days ago

 

Dream machines

probability, could, cheaper, faster, more popular

 

Cover to cover

books and films, narrating an event, describing a character, the funniest, the most enjoyable

 

A big bang        

festivals & special occasions, during, dates: 4th of July, 31st of December, 19th of March,

16th of September, the 7th of September, etc.

 

Ordinal numbers:

fourth, twenty-first

 

        Watch it:

expressing opinions, I prefer

 

Going for gold

recent and indefinite past, for, since, ever, never

 

The world tomorrow

possibly, probably, is certain to, certainly,  definitely not

 

     Present time

describing events, sequencing, for my birthday, in December, on the 3rd, for Christmas

 

 

  1. VOCABULARY B-1 when mastered

          On the ball

badly, fast, hard, regularly, have to, must, need

 

Season tickets

in the winter, colder, the wettest, sunbathing, swimming, because, giving reasons

 

It’s history

describing past events, how much? how many?  Frequency

 

That’s rich

money, ability, skills; If I’m successful, I’ll be rich.

 

Gerunds:

good at + —ing: He is good at swimming.

 

What on Earth….?

opinions, describing, have to, must, need; If we ban cars, the air would be cleaner.

 

In great shape

health, have to, don’t have to, need, don’t need

 

         Wild dreams

describing animals, asking open-ended questions, much, many, more, less, few, little, less

 

       Followers of fashion

describing what people wear, shopping, expressing frequency, never, occasionally, often, unusually, always, conditionals

 

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Now a student is ready to expand vocabulary, to build fluency, to read with comprehension, to understand others, and to speak English smoothly.

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