20 Techniques to Support CLIL
by Elaine Gallagher CLIL – CONTENT and LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING 1. Teachers facilitate learning rather than only transmit knowledge. Learners collaborate. Language […]
CLIL – CONTENT and LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING
1. Teachers facilitate learning rather than only transmit knowledge.
- Learners collaborate.
- Language is taught to create meaning, not as a set of individual skills.
- Authentic materials, texts, and situations provide a base to create meaning, taking into account students’ prior knowledge, background experience, and language needs.
- Integration of oral, spoken, and written language results from meaningful social interaction and collaboration.
- Problem-solving promotes language learning.
- Learners talk, think, and cooperate with each other to arrive at solutions.
- In an interactive environment, learners acquire language through “hands-on” activities.
- Learners share language through the beauty and fun of music, dance, games, and drama.
10. Learners create their own literature.
11. Native and target languages co-produce, learning in a rich environment of language and culture. (Dr. Ofelia garcia)
12. Faith in the learner is crucial.
13. “Comprehensible Input” means that the student must have a reason to use the language being learned. (Dr. Stephen Krashen)
14. Recognition precedes production.
15. Research shows that eleven exposures, as an average, are necessary for new material to move from short term to long-term memory.
16. Learning a language is a conscious effort to study and learn, using authentic subject materials. (Dr. David Marsh)
17. Acquisition of a language occurs through exposure to input that is slightly above the learner’s current level of competence. (Dr. Lev Vygotsky)
18. The affective filter MUST be down so that the “input” can enter. Student must be relaxed and unthreatened.
19. Use lots of visual and digital aids, and opportunities to speak, listen, and use the language. Learners need active tasks and opportunities to “pick up” the language.
20. Language should be natural, not artificial, fake, or rote.
Remember: RECOGNITION PRECEDES PRODUCTION.
If you speak to a student in the target language (i.e, English), the student will be able to recognize, understand, and respond to what you say before he/she can actually produce (speak, write) the language.