Autor: UNOi

Fecha: 8 de abril de 2014

4. Specific Vocabulary for grades K, 1 and 2

Beginner Level (CEFR: By end of 2nd grade, A-1)    by Elaine Gallagher    GRADES K & 1   (Vocabulary fluency grows gradually, over time and with practice.) […]

Elaine Gallagher 00 cegBeginner Level (CEFR: By end of 2nd grade, A-1)   

by Elaine Gallagher   


 (Vocabulary fluency grows gradually, over time and with practice.)

  • Exchanging greetings  (Hello, Hi, How are you?)
  • Giving personal information (name, age)
  • Identifying and naming items given in the lexical list  (See list below.)
  • Leave-taking (Bye. See you tomorrow. See you later.)


         (a) Understand  (Recognition precedes production!)

    • Imperatives for common actions: go, come, show, point, give, touch, stand up
    • Question words: what? how many? how old?
    • Demonstratives :this, that

         (b) Understand and use          (Production)

    • The present simple tense of to be
    • Common nouns in singular and plural (regular), e.g. ear/ears, shoe/shoes
    • Simple adjectives, e.g. small, big, green
    • Determiners a, the, my, your, his, her
    • Pronouns I, you, he, she, it, they
    • Personal information
    • Immediate surroundings including classroom objects
    • Parts of the face and body
    • Animals — common domestic, farm, and wild
    • Cardinal numbers up to 20
    • Colours /colors
    • Items of clothing

 GRADES 1 & 2

    • Indicating the position of people and objects
    • Describing people, animals, objects and places very simply
    • Stating simple facts
    • Informing about possessions
    • Asking very simple questions about personal details


         (a) Understand  


    • Present simple tense questions
    • Question words — who, when
    • Present continuous tense questions
    • Determiners some, any


         (b) Understand and use


    • Present simple tense
    • There is/are and has/have got/have you got?
    • Question words, e.g. where, what
    • Prepositions of place in, on, under, between, next to
    • Determiners our, their, its
    • Possessive pronouns mine, yours, his, hers
    • Yes/no answers to present continuous tense questions
    • Rooms in the home
    • Household objects
    • Family and friends
    • Pets
    • Possessions
    • Days of the week and months of the year
    • Cardinal numbers up to 50


         Your students should also be able to discuss and answer questions such as:

  • What’s your name?
  • How many children are there? (1-50)
  • this is / these are
  • What’s this?  It’s ……..
  • The body
  • Faces
  • What color is it?
  • My clothes


  • • bicycles, birds, boys, cats, children, dogs, flags, girls, trees, basketball, football, rugby, volleyball, team 
  • bedroom, bathroom, dining room, kitchen, living room, bed, books, cards, computer, cupboard, rabbit, shelf, table 
  • arms, feet, fingers, hands, head, legs, tall, short, fat, thin, big, small, long. ears, eyes, hair, mouth, nose, dark, fair 
  • blue, brown, green, orange, pink, purple, red, yellow, black, white, box, crayons, paper, pen, ruler, scissors 
  • belt, blouse, dress, hat, jacket, shirt, skirt, socks, suit, tie, trousers, T-shirt 
  • What do you see in this picture?  Student should be able to describe the picture, using some of the above-listed words.


(Vocabulary fluency increases gradually, over time and with practice.)


  • All colors covered in Kindergarten and first grade,              plus: grey; pets, bird, cage, rabbit, fish, beak, behind, in, on, under, tank, wall, flowers 
  • Pets 
  • Do you have a computer? 
  • WORDS: camera, comics, computer, pictures, rings, toys, video game, violin, behind, between, in, on , next to, in front of, under 
  • Days of the week 
  • WORDS / PHRASES: in the morning / afternoon, the weekend, go swimming, play tennis, visit grandparents, have a music lesson, paints, cleans, watches, does, goes, visits, plays, cooks 
  • Where do you live? 
  • a flat (British term), an apartment, cottage, house, city, town, village, garden, upstairs, downstairs, on the ground floor 
  • FAMILY: pretty, sister, brother, mother, father, twin sister / brother, grandmother, grandfather 
  • What time do you get up? 
  •  WORDS / PHRASES: get up, go to bed, have lunch, do homework, watch TV, go to school, have breakfast, o’clock, half past, quarter past / to /in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening 
  • FRIENDS and EVENTS:  bike, film, pizza, cinema, restaurant, swimming pool, tennis club, She plays hockey. 
  • MONTHS OF THE YEAR: all 12 months, Christmas, birthday, Easter, Mother’s Day, Father’s Day 
  • Ordinal numbers for dates:  1st – 31st


Wait for the Plays for Grades K, 1 and 2 that will be published on Part 7.

Next: Part 5 – Specific Vocabulary for grades 3 – 4